First of all, apologies for ignoring this section. Here I go through the Quran, citing verses of interest. I have travelled a lot, lately, and have not been keeping up with my blog. In this post, I will briefly discuss the topic of Iddah (in Arabic)/Iddat (in Urdu) which refers to the time period for which a married woman needs to wait before she marries again after the death of her husband or her divorce.
33:49 tells us that if the marriage has not been consummated, there is NO waiting period. This is in contrast when the marriage has been consummated. For a widow, the Iddat is 4 months and 10 days (2:234 – 2:235):
And those who are taken in death among you and leave wives behind – they, [the wives, shall] wait four months and ten [days]. And when they have fulfilled their term, then there is no blame upon you for what they do with themselves in an acceptable manner. And Allah is [fully] Acquainted with what you do.
There is no blame upon you for that to which you [indirectly] allude concerning a proposal to women or for what you conceal within yourselves. Allah knows that you will have them in mind. But do not promise them secretly except for saying a proper saying. And do not determine to undertake a marriage contract until the decreed period reaches its end. And know that Allah knows what is within yourselves, so beware of Him. And know that Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing.
For a divorced woman, the waiting period is 3 monthly periods (2:228, 65:4):
Divorced women remain in waiting for three periods, and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs if they believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have more right to take them back in this [period] if they want reconciliation. And due to the wives is similar to what is expected of them, according to what is reasonable. But the men have a degree over them [in responsibility and authority]. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.
And those who no longer expect menstruation among your women – if you doubt, then their period is three months, and [also for] those who have not menstruated. And for those who are pregnant, their term is until they give birth. And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him of his matter ease.
Thus, we can see that the waiting period for divorced women (3 monthly periods) is shorter than that of a widow (4 months and 10 days) and there is none for a woman who was married but never touched by her husband.
[33:49, quran.com, Translation: Sahih International]
O You who have believed, when you marry believing women and then divorce them before you have touched them, then there is not for you any waiting period to count concerning them. So provide for them and give them a gracious release.